The Gupta period witnessed progress in all spheres: art, architecture, literature, science and technology, metallurgy and philosophy and hence is rightly called the golden period of Ancient history of India.
Achievements in Art and Architecture during Gupta times
|Rock Cut Caves||1. Ajanta and Ellora in MaharashtraBagh caves in MP.|
2. Stupas were built in large numbers ex: Dhamekh Stupa at Sarnath.
|Sculpture||1. The Gupta sculptors threw the foreign element (Greek) and chose completely Indian in their character.|
2. Stone sculpture of Buddha from Sarnath.Great Boar (Varaha) at the entrance of Udaygiri caves.
3. The stone sculptures were also secular in theme.
|Painting||1. Mural paintings of Ajanta, Bagh and in other rock cut caves.|
2. At Ajanta, we see the whole life of contemporary Indian culture in Panorama.
|Terracotta and Pottery||1. Terracotta clay figurines were used both for religious and secular purposes.|
2. Distinctive class of pottery of this period is the “Red Ware”.
|Puranas||1. The historical traditions as recorded by the Brahmins. |
2. Originally composed of bards and finally came into the hands of priests and were rewritten in classical Sanskrit.
Major Literary Works and Authors in Gupta Period:
Six Schools of Philosophy
Five groups of structural temples of Gupta period
Science and Technology during Gupta times