|Palaces||1. Inspired from Achaemenid palaces of Iran.|
2. Wood was the principal material used.
Ex: Megesthenes mentioning Chandragupta Maurya’s palace as the greatest creations of mankind.
|Pillars||1. Ashoka pillars- usually made of chunar sandstone.|
2. Objective: disseminate Buddhist ideology and court orders.
3. Language: Pali and Prakrit. A few were also in Greek or Aramaic.
4. Mainly comprise four parts: 1. Shaft: Long single piece of stone 2. Capital: lotus shaped or Bell shaped on top of shaft 3. Abacus: a rectangular or a circular base 4. Capital figure: usually animals like Bull, lion, elephant etc.
|Stupas||1. Stupas are burial mounds prevalent in India from vedic period.|
2. The core was made of unburnt brick while the outer surface was made of burnt bricks.
3. Ex: Sanchi Stupa (MP), Piprahwa Stupa (UP):Oldest one.
|Cave Architecture||1. Caves were generally used as Viharas i.e. living quarters by the Jain, Ajivika and Buddhist monks.|
2. Key features: Highly polished and decorative gateways
Ex: Barabar Caves (Ajivika Sect) Bihar
|Sculptures||1..Two most famous Sculptures are Yaksha and Yakshi.|
Ex: Didargunj Yakshi
|Pottery||Northern Black Polished Ware.|
Characterised by black paint and highly lustrous finish.
Kosambi and Pataliputra were centres of NBPW pottery.
|Development of Terracotta art||In the central phase of the NBPW around 300 B.C. the central gangetic plains became the centre of terracotta art. |
In Mauryan times, terracottas were produced on a large scale and they generally represented animals (elephants) and women (mother goddess).
Barabar Caves (Ajivika Sect)
Fragments of Northern Black Polished Ware