Model answers to Previous Year Questions

[Model Answer QP2022 GS3] Naxalism is a social, economic and developmental issue manifesting as a violent internal security threat. In this context, discuss the emerging issues and suggest a multilayered strategy to tackle the menace of Naxalism.

Naxals support Maoist political sentiments and ideology which is a form of communism developed by Mao Tse Tung. It is a doctrine to capture State power through a combination of armed insurgency, mass mobilisation and strategic alliances.

[Model Answer QP2022 GS3] Discuss global warming and mention its effects on the global climate. Explain the control measures to bring down the level of greenhouse gases which cause global warming, in the light of the Kyoto Protocol, 1997.

Global warming is a gradual, long-term increase in the average temperature of Earth’s atmosphere due to the greenhouse effect where gases from various human activities, including the burning of fossil fuels, trap heat from terrestrial radiation.

[Model Answer QP2022 GS3] Launched on 25th December, 2021, James Webb Space Telescope has been much in news since then. What are its unique features which make it superior to its predecessor Space Telescopes? What are the key goals of this mission? What potential benefits does it hold for the human race?

The James Webb Telescope, is an orbiting infrared observatory that was launched as part of an international program between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) to complement and extend the discoveries of the Hubble Space Telescope.

[Model Answer QP2022 GS3] Do you think India will meet 50 percent of its energy needs from renewable energy by 2030? Justify your answer. How will the shift of subsidies from fossil fuels to renewables help achieve the above objective? Explain.

India has also proposed a five-point strategy (Panchamrit), which includes meeting 50% of its yearly energy demand, which is 500 GW, from renewable resources by 2030. This is the world’s largest expansion plan in renewable energy.