Section A

1. Forests are the base case studies for economic excellence

Crux of the essay: The essay mainly demands how a candidate can argue and resolve the dichotomy of Conservation Vs Development. It would be ideal if the candidate can end by not only resolving the dichotomy or dilemma but substantiating how  Conservation and Development can go hand in hand.

2. Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world

Crux of the essay: In ‘The Defence of Poetry’ 1821, Shelley claimed that ‘poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world’. According to Shelley, much of the valuable philosophy needed to make the world moral and judicial was found in the minds, and works, of poets.

3. History is a series of victories won by the scientific man over the romantic man

Crux of the essay:  
Scientific Man/Writer: The historian is confined to individual incidents and individual man, and must hang upon his invention or conjecture as he can. The writer collects his materials from all sources, experience, report, and the records of human affairs; then generalises them; and finally selects, from their elements and the various combinations they afford, those instances which he is best qualified to portray, and which he judges most calculated to impress the heart and improve the faculties of his reader.
Romance Man/Writer: To write romance is a task too great for the powers of man, and under which he must be expected to totter. (the production of historical romance)

4. A ship in harbour is safe, but that is not what ship is for

Crux of the essay: This saying has been credited to Albert Einstein and also John A. Shedd.
Well, this one is fairly self explanatory. A ship may be safe in a harbor, but if you wanted something safe, you would have built a fortress, not a ship. A ship, by nature of being lighter than water, is vulnerable to the wind and waves, the rocks and reefs and enemy action. But unlike a fortress, it can move wherever the wind and waves (and crew) choose to go.

Section B

5. The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining

Crux of the essay:  In his 1962 State of the Union Address, John F. Kennedy declared, “The best time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining”. It means to deal with a problem or potential problem while conditions are favorable.
This statement is being used to remind us that we should fix what is broken as soon as possible.

6. You cannot step twice in the same river

Crux of the essay: The phrase is attributed to the Greek philosopher Heraclitus. The above statement means  everything changes with time, things are never exactly the same when you revisit them.

7. A smile is the chosen vehicle for all ambiguities 

Crux of the essay: Too often we underestimate the power of a smile. If a person can carry a smile during his darkest/toughest times, the person has a strong character that helps him/her to resolve all dilemmas or ambiguities.
The quote is by Herman Melville.

8. Just because you have a choice, it does not mean that any of them has to be right

Crux Of the essay: The above essay deals with Psychology of Choice. Choice is our ability to make decisions when presented with two or more options. The psychology of choice explores why we subconsciously make the decisions we do, what motivates those decisions, and what needs these decisions are meant to satisfy.

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