[Essay Topic- 3 Mains 2021] Philosophy of wantlessness is Utopian, while materialism is a chimera.


The interplay between the ideals of wantlessness and the allure of materialism has been a topic of introspection and debate for centuries. The philosophy of wantlessness, or the state of desiring nothing, paints a picture of contentment and inner peace, often deemed utopian. Materialism, on the other hand, with its emphasis on possessions and external validation, is seen as a chimera, an illusion that often eludes true fulfillment.

Thesis Statement

While wantlessness suggests a utopian state of contentment devoid of desires, materialism, with its ever-shifting goals, often leads to an elusive chase, much like a chimera. Exploring these two extremes offers a profound understanding of human nature, aspirations, and the essence of fulfillment.

Crux/Meaning of the Essay

At the heart of this discourse lies a fundamental human quest: the search for happiness and meaning. By delving into the ideals of wantlessness and the pitfalls of materialism, we seek to understand the pathways that might lead to genuine contentment and the traps that might divert us from it.

Different Dimensions

Inner Peace vs. External Validation: Wantlessness emphasizes internal contentment, derived from a state of inner equilibrium, while materialism often seeks validation from external possessions and societal acknowledgment.

Transient Joy vs. Enduring Contentment: Material gains might offer fleeting happiness, but the philosophy of wantlessness suggests a more enduring state of contentment.

Societal Constructs and Pressures: The modern world, with its emphasis on consumerism, often champions materialistic pursuits, making the ideal of wantlessness seem even more utopian.

Different Perspectives

The Spiritual Perspective: Spiritual traditions often advocate for detachment from material pursuits and emphasize the serenity derived from wantlessness.

The Economist’s View: From a purely economic standpoint, materialism drives consumption, economic growth, and innovation. However, the never-ending chase might lead to societal burnout and existential voids.

The Psychologist’s Lens: They might explore the impact of both philosophies on mental well-being. While materialism could lead to anxiety and perpetual dissatisfaction, a strict adherence to wantlessness might negate genuine human aspirations.

Significance in Current Context

In today’s hyper-connected, consumer-driven world, the allure of materialism is pervasive. The constant barrage of advertising, social media comparisons, and societal pressures magnifies this allure. However, there’s a growing movement advocating for minimalism, sustainable living, and introspection, suggesting a collective yearning for the utopian ideals of wantlessness.


Navigating the dichotomy between the utopian concept of wantlessness and the chimera of materialism requires self-awareness, introspection, and discernment. While it’s natural to seek comfort and even luxury, recognizing the transient nature of materialistic joys and appreciating the depth of contentment that comes from inner peace can pave the way for a balanced, fulfilling existence. As individuals and as a society, finding a harmonious path between these extremes is the key to genuine happiness and societal well-being.

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