[Essay Topic- 7 Mains 2020] Patriarchy is the least noticed yet the most significant structure of social inequality.


Throughout history, various structures of social inequality have been identified and contested, ranging from class and race to religion and caste. Yet, patriarchy—often so deeply embedded in the fabric of societies that it becomes almost invisible—emerges as one of the most pervasive and enduring forms. The assertion that “patriarchy is the least noticed yet the most significant structure of social inequality” underscores this deep-rooted bias and its expansive implications.

Thesis Statement

Patriarchy, by shaping norms, values, and structures of societies across time and geographies, manifests as a subtle yet profound force, perpetuating gender inequalities and influencing other hierarchies of power.

Crux/Meaning of the Essay

This essay aims to shed light on the multifaceted nature of patriarchy, demonstrating how its influences extend beyond overt gender biases to permeate various aspects of societal organization, thereby cementing its position as a significant structure of inequality.

Different Dimensions

Historical Roots: Patriarchy has ancient origins, with historical records and archaeological evidence pointing to male-dominated societal structures in numerous ancient civilizations.

Economic Implications: The patriarchal system often restricts women’s access to resources, economic opportunities, and decision-making roles, perpetuating economic disparities.

Cultural and Religious Reinforcements: Many cultural practices and religious interpretations have been used to endorse and sustain patriarchal norms, giving them a sanctified status.

Different Perspectives

The Feminist’s View: Feminists view patriarchy as a primary source of women’s oppression, emphasizing the need to challenge and dismantle this system to achieve gender equality.

The Sociologist’s Perspective: From a broader sociological lens, patriarchy is seen not just as a system oppressing women but also reinforcing other social inequalities, including those of class, race, and even age.

The Historian’s Lens: Historians might trace the evolution of patriarchal systems, illustrating how they have adapted and persisted through various epochs and societal transformations.

Significance in Current Context

In the contemporary era, marked by movements championing gender equality and rights, the recognition of patriarchy’s pervasive influence is more critical than ever. While strides have been made in challenging gender norms, the deep roots of patriarchy mean that its remnants are still evident in various societal structures, from wage gaps and leadership roles to representation in media.


Patriarchy, often subtly woven into the backdrop of societal narratives, stands as a formidable bastion of social inequality. Recognizing its omnipresence is the first step; actively challenging its norms is the journey. For societies to progress towards true equality, the dismantling of this least noticed yet profoundly impactful structure is imperative. Only then can the vision of a just, equitable, and inclusive society be realized.

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