Impartiality is a principle of justice that states that decisions should be made based on objective criteria rather than bias, prejudice, or an improper preference for one person, entity, or organisation over another. As a result, impartiality is also known as even-handedness or fairness.
Non-partisanship is defined as a lack of allegiance to any political party, organisation, or group. Political neutrality can be equated to non-partisanship. The term “non-partisanship” refers to the administrator’s ability to carry out his responsibilities without fear or favour. While performing his official duties, he maintains an apolitical demeanour.
Impartiality: considered as indispensable quality to make a successful civil servant:
- Objectivity: Merit Based Decision Making and thus eliminates nepotism Ex: Awarding government tenders.
- Public trust: As the decisions made are fair, honest and equitable. Ex: Welfare programs such as claims approved under Pradhan Mantri Fassal Bima Yojana.
- Uphold Constitutional Morality: As impartiality leads to reducing the use of discretionary powers.
Non Partisanship: considered as indispensable quality to make a successful civil servant:
- Neutrality: Apolitical behaviour is a foundational value to civil service.
- Serving People and not the party: Again upholds the values enshrined in the constitution.
- Eliminates Corruption: Breaks the bureaucracy-political nexus.
- Professionalism: Promotes systematic work culture and merit based promotion and transfers.