India follows the Parliamentary form of government wherein the Prime Minister is the real head and hence the head of the government and the President is a nominal head and hence deemed as the head of the State.
France has a semi-presidential system of government, with both a President and a Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is responsible to the French Parliament. A presidential candidate is required to obtain a nationwide majority of non-blank votes at either the first or second round of balloting, which implies that the President is somewhat supported by at least half of the voting population. As a consequence, the President of France is the pre-eminent figure in French politics. He appoints the Prime Minister.
The procedures through which the President of India is elected:
- The President of India is elected by indirect election.
- A system of proportional representation using the single transferable vote and the voting is by secret ballot. The candidate with the highest number of votes is selected.
- To be declared elected to the office of president, candidates must secure a fixed quota of votes which can be calculated by:
- Electoral quota = [Total number of valid votes polled/1+1=2] +1
The procedures through which the President of France is elected
- Directly elected by the two-round system (TRS), also known as runoff voting, second ballot, or ballotage.
- After eliminating all others except the top 2 only the two candidates with the most votes qualify for the second round. The candidate with the absolute majority of votes cast is finally elected.
- The five-year term of the President is renewable once.
|Presidential Election of France||Presidential Election of India|
|The Candidate should be above 23 years.||The candidate should be above 35 years.|
|Directly elected by the people.||Indirectly elected by the elected members of the Parliament and State Assemblies.|
|The candidate must be backed by at least 500 elected representatives.||The candidate must be subscribed by at least 50 electors as proposers and 50 as seconders.|
|The term is 5 years and can stay for the maximum of two terms only.||The candidate can stand for elections any number of times.|
|The Prime Minister is appointed by the President and MPs are elected after the presidential election.||MPs and MLAs elect the president.|
|The president chairs the cabinet meetings.||The president is the nominal head.|