[Model Answer QP2022 GS2]The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 remains inadequate in promoting incentive-based systems for Children’s education without generating awareness about the importance of schooling. Analyse.

Right to education awareness means having the awareness about education as a right among the people of India.
Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009(RTE) guarantees providing free elementary education for every child from the age of six to fourteen years; and ensuring compulsory admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by every child from the age of six to fourteen years.

The act remains inadequate in promoting incentive-based system 

1. Lack of financial allocation for the implementation of RTE: For more than two decades there has been a long-standing demand for educationists to allocate at least 6% of GDP to education, but it has never reached this figure.
2. Apathy towards the public education system: Slowly and systematically, an apathy has been established towards the public education system.
3. Common School System got neglected: Kothari commission report that came out strongly recommended the concept of neighborhood schools based on the common school system. When the RTE came into existence, this very important aspect was left out and though the parameters of having a school within a defined radius was included in the act, the common school system did not form the basis for this, which means only one government-run public school in any locality where all children coming from different caste, or social and economic class will get education.
4. Extension of Age: The act needs to include 3-6 age groups and 14-18 age groups. Though the NEP-2020 has given some indications towards the same, it is important to include the age group of the RTE act, which is currently 6-14 years to 3-18 years.
5. Comprehensive and Continuous Evaluation (CCE): Not done in letter and Spirit. 
6. Lack of Awareness: Lack of awareness among child labourers, migrant children, differently abled children about free education, books, uniforms and other incentives. Lack of awareness about 25% reservation for disadvantaged sections of the society.
The major impact that right to education has had on the Indian education system, is the fact that it led to an unprecedented increase in the enrollment rate of children in the country. India being a democratic country, it becomes imperative that its citizens are educated and for that to happen it is important that education is universalized

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *