[Model Answer QP2023 GS1] Explain why suicide among young women is increasing in Indian society.


Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one’s own death, typically resulting from a complex interplay of cognitive, emotional, and environmental factors.

Reasons for suicide among young women is increasing in Indian society.

1. Social Pressure and Expectations: Young women in India often face immense pressure to conform to societal norms, including expectations related to behavior, career choices, and marriage. These pressures can lead to feelings of entrapment and hopelessness.

2. Marital Discord: Issues like domestic violence, early and forced marriages, dowry demands, and marital disputes can contribute to mental distress. Young brides, especially in arranged marriages, might find themselves in unfamiliar and sometimes hostile environments, leading to feelings of isolation and despair.

3. Economic Challenges: Financial dependency, especially in conservative families where women might not be encouraged to work, can result in feelings of powerlessness. Economic difficulties or the inability to fulfill familial financial obligations can further aggravate feelings of worthlessness.

4. Educational Pressures: In some segments of Indian society, there’s an intense emphasis on academic excellence. The inability to meet these expectations can lead to significant distress among young women.

5. Mental Health Stigma: Mental health concerns, including depression and anxiety, are often not recognized or discussed openly in many parts of India. The stigma associated with seeking help can deter women from accessing vital mental health resources.  

6. Access to Means: Easy availability of lethal means, such as certain pesticides common in rural India, can increase the risk of impulsive suicides. Cultural Factors: Some cultural interpretations romanticize suicide, viewing it as an act of honor or defiance. This can sometimes influence vulnerable individuals.

7. Limited Access to Support Systems: While family can act as a support system, in certain cases, it might be the source of stress. And without alternative support mechanisms like counseling or helplines, young women might feel they have no one to turn to.

8. Media Influence: Media portrayals that sensationalize or romanticize suicide without discussing the broader issues or implications can sometimes have a contagious effect.

9. Sexual Violence and Harassment: Incidents of sexual assault, harassment, and their subsequent social ramifications can lead to feelings of shame, guilt, and trauma, which in some cases culminate in suicide.

10. Isolation in Urban Environments: Rapid urbanization and the nuclearization of families can result in feelings of isolation, especially if young women migrate and find themselves without the familiar community or family structures.


It’s important to note that these factors can be interconnected, and it’s often a combination of multiple factors that contribute to an individual’s decision to take their own life.

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