Modern History Simplified: Charter Act of 1853

Charter Act of 1853
  1. Separation of the legislative and executive functions of the governor general’s council. Thus a legislative wing was created which came to be known as the Indian Legislative Council. 
  2. It provided for the addition of six new legislative members called legislative councillors to the council.
  3. Local representation was introduced in the Indian legislature. 
  4. However, a law to be promulgated needed the assent of the governor-general, and the governor general could veto any Bill of the legislative council.
  5. The Act ended the company’s patronage of recruitment of civil service. Recruitment was through open competition henceforth. 
  6. It extended the company’s rule and allowed it to retain the possession of Indian territories on the trust of the British Crown.

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