Modern History Simplified: Learn about Orientalist vs Anglicists controversy

1. Charter Act of 1813 directed the Company to sanction one lakh rupees annually for the development of education in India.
2. In 1823, the Governor-General in Council appointed a “General Committee of Public Instruction”, which had the responsibility to grant the one lakh of rupees for education.
3. The General Committee of Public Instruction had two groups viz. Orientalists and Anglicists on the issue of the Development of Education of India.
4. The Anglicists argued that the government spending on education should be exclusively for modern studies.
5. Even the Anglicists were divided over the question of medium of instruction—one faction was for English language as the medium, while the other faction was for Indian languages (vernaculars) for the purpose.
6. The Orientalists said while Western sciences and literature should be taught to prepare students to take up jobs, emphasis should be placed on expansion of traditional Indian learning.
7. The Orientalists group was led by H T Princep, who promoted the teaching of the “Oriental Subjects” in India’s vernacular Languages.
8. Finally, the famous Lord Macaulay’s Minute (1835) settled the row in favour of Anglicists

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