Modern History Simplified: Learn about the State of Hyderabad during the post Mughal period (18th century)

The weakening of the central political structure of the Mughal Empire and erosion of its military strength created some sort of a political vacuum in India- tempting ambitious Subedars and powerful regional chiefs to carve out semi independent or independent principalities for themselves. 
Thus the eighteenth century saw the rise of a large number of autonomous states on the debris of the Mughal empire such as Bengal, Awadh, Hyderabad, Mysore, Marathas, Jats, Sikhs and Rajputs which is referred by many as a spectre of a fragmented polity.
State of Hyderabad in 18th century
Nizam-Ul-Mulk (Chin Qilich Khan) (1724-1748)
  1. He founded the state of Hyderabad in 1724.
  2. The Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah granted him the title of ‘Asaf Jah’.
  3. He followed a tolerant policy towards Hindus. Puranchand, a Hindu was Diwan.
  4. His efforts to stop the plundering raids of Marathas only partially succeeded.
Nasir Jung (1748-1750)
  1. In the second carnatic war he was killed by the Nawab of Kadapa.
Nizam Ali (1762-1803)
  1. He concluded the subsidiary treaty with Lord Wellesley in 1798.
  2. This was the first subsidiary alliance of India.

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