Marxist and Socialist Ideas that sprung up in the 1920s
Ideas of Marx and Socialist thinkers inspired many groups to come into existence as socialists and communists.
These ideas also resulted in the rise of a left wingwithin the Congress, represented by Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose.
The Communist Party of India (CPI) was formed in 1920 in Tashkent (now, the capital of Uzbekistan) by M.N. Roy, Abani Mukherji and others.
In 1924, many communists—S.A. Dange, Muzaffar Ahmed, Shaukat Usmani,Nalini Gupta—were jailed in the Kanpur Bolshevik Conspiracy Case.
In 1929, the government crackdown on communists resulted in the arrest and trial of 31 leading communists, trade unionists and left-wing leaders; they were tried at Meerut in the famous Meerut conspiracy case.
Workers’ and peasants’ parties were organised all over the country and they propagated Marxist and communist ideas.
All these communist groups and workers’ and peasants’ parties remained an integral part of the national movement and worked along with the Congress.