Paramahmsa Mandali 
- Founded in 1849 in Maharashtra.
- Founders were Dadoba Pandurang, Mehtaji Durgaram and others.
- Monotheism, Love and Moral conduct was promoted. The founders were primarily interested in breaking caste rules.
- These mandalis also advocated widow remarriage and women’s education.
- At their meetings food cooked by lower caste people was taken by the members.