Modern History Simplified: Sanyasi Revolt/Fakir Rebellion (1763-1800)

Sanyasi Revolt (1763-1800)
  1. The disastrous famine of 1770 and the harsh economic order of the British compelled a group of sanyasis in Eastern India to fight the British.
  2. These sanyasis were joined by a large number of dispossessed small zamindars, disbanded soldiers and rural poor.
  3. They raided Company factories and the treasuries, and fought the Company’s forces.
  4. Equal participation of Hindus and Muslims characterised the uprisings, sometimes referred to as the Fakir Rebellion.
  5. Majnum Shah (or Majnu Shah), Chirag Ali, Musa Shah, Bhawani Pathak and Debi Chaudhurani were important leaders.
  6. Debi Chaudhurani’s participation recognises the women’s role in early resistances against the British. 
  7. Anandamath, a semi-historical novel by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, is based on the Sanyasi Revolt. 
  8. Bankim Chandra also wrote a novel, Devi Chaudhurani, as he saw the importance of women taking up the struggle against an alien rule.
  9. It was only after a prolonged action that Warren Hastings could subdue the sanyasis.

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