The 1919 Act had provided that a Royal Commission would be appointed ten years after the Act to report on its working. In 1927, two years before schedule, the British government announced the appointment of such a commission—the Indian Statutory Commission.
It recommended that
1. Dyarchy be abolished.
2. Responsible government be extended in the provinces.
3. The Federation of British India and the Princely States were established.
4. That communal electorates should continue.