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Wavell plan (Shimla Conference) 
The idea was to reconstruct the governor-general’s executive council pending the preparation of a new constitution.
The main proposals of the Wavell Plan were as follows:
- With the exception of the governor-general and the commander-in-chief, all members of the Governor- General’s executive council were to be Indians.
- Caste Hindus and Muslims were to have equal representation.
- The reconstructed council was to function as an interim government within the framework of the 1935 Act (i.e. not responsible to the Central Assembly).
- The governor-general was to exercise his veto on the advice of ministers.
- Representatives of different parties were to submit a joint list to the viceroy for nominations to the executive council. If a joint list was not possible, then separate lists were to be submitted.
Why did the plan fail?
- Barrister Jinnah insisted that only Muslim League should have the right to suggest the names of the Muslim representatives to the Governor General’s executive council.
- The Congress objected to the plan as “an attempt to reduce the Congress to the status of a purely caste Hindu party and insisted on its right to include members of all communities among its nominees”.