Modern History Simplified: Learn all about Lord Hardinge-II (1910-1916)– Viceroy of India and his achievements.

  1. Delhi Durbar of 1911
    1. In England, a succession occurred in 1910, with King George V ascending to the throne.
    2. In 1911, King George V paid a visit to India, where a Durbar was held to commemorate King George V and Queen Mary’s coronation.
    3. The King declared that the capital of India would be moved from Calcutta to Delhi.
    4. The Partition of Bengal was also declared null and void at the same Darbar.
    5. The Congress passed a resolution condemning the Darbar’s pomp and show at the expense of poor Indians.
  2. Delhi Conspiracy Case 1912
    1. Also known as the Delhi-Lahore Conspiracy Case or the Hardinge Bomb Case, occurred in 1912 when members of Yugantar threw a bomb in Delhi’s Chandni Chowk in order to kill Lord Harding.
    2. This conspiracy was thought to have been hatched by Ras Behari Bose, who then went underground and fled to Japan.
    3. The Viceroy survived with minor injuries.
  3. India’s Participation in First World War
    1. Hardinge wisely dispatched almost all European soldiers available in India, as well as a large number of Indian soldiers, to fight for the British cause in various parts of the world.
  4. Hindu Mahasabha (1915) by Madan Mohan Malviya was established.
    1. The Hindu Mahasabha was founded to bring together the various local Hindu movements that had roots in North Indian public life dating back to the previous century.
  5. Return of Mahatma Gandhi (1915)
    1. Mahatma Gandhi returned from South Africa on the insistence of Bal Gangadhar Tilak in the year 1915.

Hardinge’s criticism of the South African government’s Anti-India Immigration Act, as well as his sympathy for Mahatma Gandhi’s passive resistance movement, earned him popular support.

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