Modern History Simplified: Learn all about Warren Hastings (1773-1785) – Governor general of India and his achievements.

  1. The Regulating Act of 1773 and Pitt’s India Act of 1784 were introduced.
  2. Judicial Reforms:.
    1. Two High Courts, the one Sadar Diwani Adalat (for civil cases)and the other Sadar Faujdari Adalat (for criminal cases), were established at Calcutta. The criminal court was to have an Indian judge.
    2. The appeals of the district courts were sent to Sadar Adalats for final judgments.
    3. The civil cases were decided on the basis of community laws, e., in case of the Hindus, Hindu law and in case of the Muslims, Muslim law was applied. The criminal cases were decided according to Muslim law.
    4. The judges were paid fixed salaries and they were prohibited from taking presents so that they might remain just.
  3. Abolition of the Dual System: The East India Company decided to act as Diwan and to undertake the collection of revenue by its own agents. Hence, the Dual System introduced by Robert Clive was abolished.  
  4. To improve the finances of the Company Hastings reduced the allowance of Nawab to half and also stopped the annual payment to the Mughal Emperor.
  5. Concerning trade, Hastings abolished the use of “Dastaks” free passes.
  6. Foundation of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (1784).
  7. English Translation of Bhagavad Gita
  8. Bengal Gazette – First Indian Newspaper published.
  9. New Sanskrit School by Jonathan Duncan
  10. Supports Oriental Education
  11. The Rohilla War of 1774.
  12. The First Maratha War in 1775-82 and the Treaty of Salbai in 1782.
  13. Second Mysore War in 1780-84.

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