What Are The Conditions Required To Grow Tea Leaves?
For the production of tea in India, a continuous 21°C temperature for 8 months is required. In the Northeastern part best yields take place between June to September. Monsoon is also another essential condition for high-quality tea production.
2. SLOPING HILLS
Sloping land is required for tea plantations as they do not survive in stagnant water. Therefore, the tea estates are located at an altitude of 1220 metres and higher.
The suitable soil for the high-quality tea plantations should be porous, acidic, loamy and should not contain calcium.
Main tea producing states in India (World’s second largest producer)
Among these, West Bengal and Assam are the top tea producer states of India.
DARJEELING, WEST BENGAL: Darjeeling is located in the Kalimpong district of West Bengal. Darjeeling is famous for the production of green tea, black tea, white tea and oolong tea. This state produces tea which is exported.
JORHAT, ASSAM: Assam is situated in the eastern Himalayas along with the river Brahmaputra which acts as a precursor for tea production.
NILGIRI HILLS, TAMIL NADU : The geographical area of Tamil Nadu is one of the main reasons behind the aromatic tea which is produced here. Located at an altitude of 1000 to 2500 metres and receives rainfall of about 60-90 inches annually.
KARNATAKA: One can find tea plantations in the areas of Chikmagalur, Dakshina Kannada, Hassan etc.
KOLUKKUMALAI TEA GARDEN, TAMIL NADU: Located at a height of 7900 feet makes kolukkumalai of Tamil Nadu highest tea garden in India.
MUNNAR TEA PLANTATION, KERALA: In the mountain ranges of the western, Munnar is the hill station. Munnar tea plantation is located at a height of 5,200 feet above the level of the sea
HIMACHAL PRADESH: Due to the flavour and aroma of the tea, it is also known as the ‘ Valley of gods ‘. The green and black teas are the two very prominent varieties of Himachal Pradesh.
TRIPURA: The agro-climatic conditions in Tripura are suitable for the development of tea plantation. Tripura has a history of tea plantations dating back to 1916.