Questions and Model answers of GS2 UPSC Mains Exam 2022

10 Markers (Answer in 150 words)

1. “The most significant achievement of modern law in India is the constitutionalism of environmental problems by the supreme court”. Discuss this statement with the help of relevant case laws.
2. “Right to movement and residence throughout the territory of India are freely available to the Indian citizens, but these rights are not absolute”. Comment
3. To what extent, in your opinion, has the decentralisation of power in India changed the governance landscape at the grassroots?
4. Discuss the role of the Vice-President of India as the chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
5. Discuss the role of the National Commission for Backward Classes in the wake of its transformation from a statutory body to a constitutional body.
6. The Gati-Shakti Yojana needs meticulous coordination between the government and the private sector to achieve the goal of connectivity. Discuss.
7. The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 remains only a legal document without intense sensitisation of government functionaries and citizens regarding disability. Comment.
8. Reforming the government delivery system through the Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme is a progressive step, but it has its limitations too. Comment.
9. ‘India is an age-old friend of Sri Lanka’. Discuss India’s role in the recent crisis in Sri Lanka in the light of the preceding statement.
10. Do you think that BIMSTEC is a parallel organisation like the SAARC? What are the similarities and dissimilarities between the two? How are Indian foreign policy objectives realized by forming this new organisation?

15 markers (Answer in 250 words)

11. Discuss the procedures to decide the disputes arising out of election of a Member of the Parliament or State Legislature under The Representation of the People Act 1951. What are the grounds on which the election of any returned candidate may be declared void? What remedy is available to the aggrieved party against the decision? Refer to the case laws.
12. Discuss the essential conditions for exercise of the legislative powers by the governor. Discuss the legality of re-promulgation of the ordinances by the Governor without placing them before the Legislature.
13. “While the national political parties in India favour centralisation, the regional parties are in favour of State autonomy”. Comment
14. Critically examine the procedures through which the President of India and France are elected.
15. Discuss the role of the Election Commission of India in the light of the evolution of the Model Code of Conduct.
16. Besides the welfare schemes, India needs deft management of Inflation and unemployment to serve the poor and the underprivileged sections of the society. Discuss
17. Do you agree with the view that increasing dependence on donor agencies for development reduces the importance of community organisation participation in the development process? Justify your answer.
18. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 remains inadequate in promoting incentive-based system for Children’s education without generating awareness about the importance of schooling. Analyse.
19. How will I2u2(India, Israel, UAE and USA) grouping transform India’s position in global politics?
20. ‘Clean energy is the order of the day’. Describe briefly India’s changing policy towards climate change in various international fora in the context of geopolitics.


Sections Number of QuestionsDifficulty
Polity and Constitution8 Questions [Three 10 markers and Five 15 markers]Easy [Can be answered with basic understanding of the subject, Articles, Bodies and Cases]
Governance4 Questions[Three 10 markers and One 15 marker]Easy[Questions are very broad and generic giving wide scope to write a very good answer]
Social Justice4 Questions [Two 10 marker and Two 15 markers]Easy[Questions on disabilities, unemployment and RTE are predictable lines and hence we are assuming that you had prepared on these topics]
International Relations 4 Questions[Two 10 markers  and Two 15 markers]Easy The questions are asked from issues that are in the news.
Analysis of Questions from GS2 UPSC Mains Exam 2022


Overall the paper is very easy. If a person has read the newspaper everyday for one year and is strong in basics, there is no doubt that you would’ve aced the paper.

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