[Model Answer QP2020 GS4 Ethics] What teachings of Buddha are most relevant today and why? Discuss.


The Buddha’s Four Noble Truths relate to the existence of suffering (dukkha), its origin (typically tied to desire or craving), the cessation of suffering, and the path leading to the cessation of suffering (the Eightfold Path).

We are increasingly moving towards a materialistic society wherein the desires are never ending, hence we are suffering from misery, jealousy, depression all leading to dukkha (suffering).

Eightfold path and its relevance to today’s times

Right Understanding (or Right View): In today’s information-saturated world, discerning truth from misinformation is a critical skill. Right understanding encourages us to see things as they are without prejudice or bias, which is crucial for navigating the complexities of the modern world.

Right Intent (or Right Thought): With the rise of mental health issues, cultivating a mindset based on kindness, compassion, and empathy, as promoted by Right Intent, is more important than ever.

Right Speech: In the era of social media and digital communication, Right Speech is highly relevant. It encourages truthful, helpful, and non-divisive communication, essential for maintaining healthy personal relationships and a respectful discourse in society.

Right Action: This path is about acting ethically and morally, which is particularly relevant today given widespread social and environmental issues. It involves abstaining from harmful behaviors, which aligns with contemporary efforts towards justice and sustainability.

Right Livelihood: In our career-centric society, Right Livelihood’s emphasis on ethical and non-harmful jobs resonates strongly. It guides us to choose professions that not only provide personal satisfaction but also contribute positively to society.

Right Effort: As burnout becomes a modern epidemic, Right Effort’s guidance on cultivating positive states of mind and avoiding negative ones is valuable. It encourages balanced effort—neither too lax nor too intense—which promotes mental health and productivity.

Right Mindfulness: The modern interest in mindfulness practices speaks to the relevance of this path. Right Mindfulness encourages us to be fully present and engaged in our actions, fostering focus and clarity amidst our fast-paced, multitasking lives.  

Right Concentration: Related to meditation practices, Right Concentration promotes mental discipline and inner peace. Given the rise in stress and anxiety disorders, learning to focus the mind and cultivate tranquility is highly relevant for mental wellbeing in today’s world.
In summary, each aspect of the Eightfold Path provides timeless wisdom that speaks to modern concerns—from ethical living and mental health to social harmony and personal fulfilment.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *