1. The study of clouds, where they occur, and their characteristics, play a key role in the understanding of climate change.
2. Whether a given cloud will heat or cool the surface depends on several factors, including the cloud’s altitude, its size, and the make-up of the particles that form the cloud.
3. Low, thick clouds primarily reflect solar radiation and cool the surface of the Earth.
4. High, thin clouds primarily transmit incoming solar radiation; at the same time, they trap some of the outgoing infrared radiation emitted by the Earth and radiate it back downward, thereby warming the surface of the Earth.
TYPES OF CLOUDS
On the basis of Shape
|Cirrus||Shape of a feather/wisps|
|cumulous||Cotton like shape|
|Nimbus||Dark and large|
On the basis of Altitude
|Alto/Medium Clouds |
1. Alto cumulous
2. Alto Stratus
1. Low stratus clouds
3. Nimbostratus (Raining Cats and Dogs)
1. Cumulus clouds (Fair Weather Cloud)
2. Cumulonimbus clouds (Thunder Cloud)
|From ground upto tropopause.|
Image Credit: NASA