Questions & Model answers of GS4 ETHICS UPSC Mains Exam 2023


1a. What do you understand by ‘moral integrity’ and ‘professional efficiency’ in the context of corporate governance in India? Illustrate with suitable examples.
1b. ‘International aid’ is an excepted form of helping resource-challenged nations. Comment on ‘ethics in contemporary international aid’. Support your answer with suitable examples.
2a. “Corruption is the manifestation of the failure of core values in the society. “In your opinion, what measures can be adopted to uplift the core values in the society?
2b. In the context of work environment, differentiate between ‘coercion’ and ‘undue influence’ with suitable examples.
3. Given below are three quotations of great thinkers. What do each one of these quotations convey to you in the present context.
3a. “The simplest acts of kindness, or by far more powerful than a thousand heads bowing in prayer.” – Mahatma Gandhi.
3b. “To awaken the people, it is the women who must be awake and once she’s on the move, the family moves, the village moves, the nation moves.” -Jawaharlal Nehru
3c. Do not hate anybody because the hatred that comes out from you must, in the long run, come back to you. If you love, that love will come back to you, completing the circle.” -Swami Vivekananda.
4a. “What really matters for success, character, happiness and lifelong achievements is a definite set of emotional skills- your EQ-not purely cognitive abilities that are measured by conventional IQ tests. “ Do you agree with this view? Give reasons in support of your answer.
4b. Differentiate ‘moral intuition’ from ‘moral reasoning’ with suitable examples.
5a. Is conscience a more reliable guide when compared to laws, rules and regulations in the context of ethical decision making. Discuss.
5b. ‘Probity is essential for an effective system of governance and social economic development.’ Discuss.
6a. What are the major teachings of Guru Nanak. Explain their relevance in the contemporary world.
6b. Explain the term social capital. How does it enhance good governance?

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